Succession planning for Australian farmers is a complex process that requires careful consideration of several factors. The success of any farm business relies on the continuity of operations, and proper succession planning ensures that the business can continue to thrive even after the current generation retires or passes away. In this article, we will discuss the importance of succession planning for farmers, the steps involved in the process, and some considerations regarding carbon farming projects.

Why is succession planning important for farmers?

Succession planning is essential for farmers because it ensures that the farm business can continue to operate smoothly even after the current owners retire or pass away. Without proper succession planning, there is a risk that the farm may have to be sold, resulting in lost income and potentially negatively impacting the local community. Furthermore, without a clear plan for succession, there may be disputes among family members or heirs over who should inherit the farm, leading to legal battles and further strain on relationships.

The steps involved in succession planning

Step 1: Start the conversation early

The first step in any succession plan is to start the conversation early. It is essential to involve all family members that are interested in the farm business, whether they currently work on the farm or not. Starting the conversation early allows for more time to plan and address any potential issues or concerns that may arise.

Step 2: Determine the goals and vision for the farm

The next step is to determine the goals and vision for the farm. This includes deciding what type of farming operation the business will be, what crops or livestock will be raised, and what markets the farm will target. This step is crucial as it helps to ensure that all family members are on the same page and have a shared understanding of the future direction of the business.

Step 3: Determine who will take over the farm

In this step, the family must decide who will take over the farm when the current owners retire or pass away. This decision must be made based on merit rather than just inheritance. The most capable and committed family member should be chosen to take over the business, regardless of their birthright.

Step 4: Develop a plan for transferring ownership

Once the successor has been chosen, it is essential to develop a plan for transferring ownership. This includes determining how ownership will be transferred, whether it will be through gifting, selling or financing. The financial implications of this transfer plan must also be considered, including taxes, valuation, and cash flow.

Step 5: Develop a management transition plan

Finally, a management transition plan must be developed to ensure a smooth transition of management from the current owners to the successor. This plan should include a timetable for when specific responsibilities will be transferred and how the new manager will receive training and support.

Considerations for carbon farming projects

Carbon farming is a practice that involves implementing certain agricultural practices with the aim of sequestering carbon in the soil or vegetation. This can be achieved through practices such as no-till farming, planting cover crops, and using organic fertilizers. The Australian Government has implemented various programs and incentives to encourage farmers to engage in carbon farming projects, including the Emissions Reduction Fund.

When developing a succession plan for a farm that is engaged in carbon farming, there are some additional considerations that must be taken into account. These include:

1. Ensuring that the legal structure of the farm business is appropriate for carbon farming. This may involve creating a separate entity for the carbon farming project or adopting a partnership agreement that sets out the responsibilities and obligations of each partner.

2. Ensuring that the carbon credits generated by the project are properly accounted for and managed. This includes tracking the carbon sequestration over time and establishing mechanisms for the sale or transfer of credits. This is often handled by a third party contactor.

3. Determining how the income generated by the carbon farming project will be distributed among family members. It may be necessary to develop a separate income distribution plan that takes into account the unique nature of carbon farming income.

4. Considering the impact of the carbon farming project on other aspects of the farm business, such as crop or livestock production. It may be necessary to make adjustments to existing practices to ensure that the carbon farming project is feasible and sustainable.


Succession planning is critical for the long-term sustainability of any farm business. By starting the conversation early, determining the goals and vision for the farm, selecting the most qualified successor, developing a plan for transferring ownership, and developing a management transition plan, farmers can ensure that their business will continue to thrive for generations to come.

For farmers engaged in carbon farming projects, there are some additional considerations that must be taken into account when developing a succession plan. These include ensuring that the legal structure is appropriate, properly managing carbon credits, determining income distribution, and considering the impact of the project on other aspects of the farm business. With careful planning and consideration, farmers can successfully pass on their legacy and ensure the continuation of their business for generations to come.